Oxygen deprivation at birth, also known as perinatal hypoxia, is one of the leading causes of infant brain damage, according to Springer International Publishing. Between 2 and 10 out of every 1,000 babies experience a lack of oxygen at birth, according to the American Journal of Neuroradiology.
In some cases, a baby may experience perinatal anoxia – the total absence of oxygen.
Not getting enough oxygen during or after birth can cause long term neurological injuries. Both perinatal hypoxia and perinatal anoxia can result in an injury called hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Many newborns with HIE will die as a result of organ failure or lung infections. Babies who survive will experience lifelong problems that may include seizures, developmental delay and cerebral palsy. Continue Reading